A farmer is an integral part of a dairy industry, irrespective of any country he belongs to. The dairy industry forms a major source of livelihood for about quarter of the population across the world. And that leads us to make a note of the fact, how huge the dairy industry would be that it is able to feed 7.5 billion people around the world. India being the largest milk producer in the world alone contributes to nearly 13% of the total production. India’s annual milk production in the financial year 2015-16 was estimated to be 155.5 MT as compared to 146.3 MT in the year 2014-15 recording a growth of 6.3% approximately. With the constant increase in consumer demand, and to serve the populace, it is necessary for the Indian Dairy Industry to match the pace with adequate supply of milk. To support this, new and advanced dairy technologies are exploited in dairy projects instated at various levels of dairy farm management.
The Dairy Supply Chain or Cow-To-Consumer process as it is generally called is a model for milk procurement and production of assorted products made out of milk like cheese, butter, yogurt, ghee, ice-cream, etc.
Let’s analyze the dairy production procedure and find out the stages where daily procurment goes through until it finally reaches us.
The dairy farming process begins by milking the cattle. A farmer manages a small dairy farm where milking is carried out. Milking is a crucial activity forming the maiden point of business chain contributing to the overall production. The farmer extracts from milch animals, traditionally cows and buffaloes either manually using his hands or mechanically through a dairy farm equipment called milking machine. He milks the cattle two times a day, the first shift takes place in the morning and the latter one in evening. The milk produced during the day is collected into large cans and taken by the farmer to a nearby Village Dairy Cooperative Society (VDCS) for testing and analysis.